Posts Tagged "domain names"

Web Space Copyright

Copyright law can be complicated. It’s a byzantine, incomprehensible mess that could easily be interpreted to categorize singing in the shower as a criminal act.

What’s worse is this: If you’re paying a decent amount for your web space and you’ve put many, many hours into creating the content hosted on it, you have a lot to lose. Under laws like the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, your entire site can be taken down for one infringement, at least until such time as you correct it. A DMCA notice can force your web host to suspend service if they want to avoid legal liability—even if you’re not infringing in the eyes of the law, the suspicion is enough to hurt you

So, you want to avoid any possible accusations of copyright infringement. And the way to do that is simple enough: play it safe. Don’t use content which isn’t either created by you, specifically licensed to you, or in the public domain. Fair use exists; it’s entirely possible for you to make non-infringing use of copyrighted content. But once a content holder decides to send a takedown notice, you’re going to need to put a lot of time and work into defending your use of the content, even if you’re right. It’s not worth it; unless you absolutely must, don’t use it.

Copyright isn’t just a stumbling stone for you, though. It’s also something you can use to secure your own interests. You have de facto copyright to anything you create, and that gives you a lot of power. If your content is stolen by another site, you can file a takedown notice to deal with that. De facto copyright is difficult to prove ownership of, though; there are steps you can take to make this more effective.

Filing for formal copyright is chief among these. Formal registration creates a public record declaring you the creator of your website. It also lets you file infringement suits in court, if necessary. This is simple enough; fill out a form with your country’s copyright office and pay the small clerical fee. Many countries even provide for online copyright filing.

Copyright is a big factor in the content on your web space; however, it’s important for you to realize that copyright does not apply to domain names. A domain name belongs to the first entity to pay for it, period. Even if it’s a name associated with your business, there’s nothing much that you can do using the toolset of copyright.

There is one option available to you, and that’s going after a domain that infringes one of your trademarks. If you’ve registered a trademark, you have some limited options: if the owner of a domain name is using that name to impersonate you and profit from your consumer base, or if they’re simply sitting on it so that they can sell it to you at an inflated price, you have the ability to take action. You want to look into arbitration under ICANN’s Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy. If the holder of the name is acting in bad faith, and you hold a relevant trademark, you can force them to stop using the name. This is limited, though; you can’t do anything without a trademark, and you can’t do anything to another entity that has a good-faith claim to the name.

How to Buy a Web Domain


If you would like to have your own website, you need two things: web hosting and domain registration. The basics of these are explained in the beginner’s guide to web space, so you may want to read that before you continue with this page.

Once you know the fundamental principles, you can start taking steps for domain acquisition. To buy a web domain is actually straightforward. It’s the process that leads up to it that may be a little complex. You need to take great care—after all, your domain name will form the foundation of your online presence. It’s recommended that you read this entire article before doing anything, so that you know all of your options beforehand. When you’re ready, just follow the steps in order. Good luck and have fun.

Come up with a good domain name

Here are some characteristics of a good domain name:

  • Short. Although you can have up to 63 characters in your domain name, there’s no reason to lengthen it. The shorter it is, the easier it will be for people to type and remember.
  • Relevant. Your domain name must be descriptive of your product, services, or identity. Try not to use acronyms. Don’t use names that have nothing to do with you or your business.
  • Memorable. Come up with something catchy and easy to remember. It’s best to have a domain name that’s also your website name. It’s surprising how many websites out there have a different domain and website name.
  • Avoid hyphens. People have a hard time remembering them, so they may type your domain name without hyphens and end up in the wrong website. They’re also difficult to share with others verbally.

There are two kinds of domain names:

  • Branded domain names are recommended for businesses or individuals. For example, John Smith, a freelance writer, wants to build a website to attract new clients. would be a good domain name.
  • Generic domain names are recommended for portals, resource websites, or niche websites. For example, John Smith wants to build a website to help other writers learn more about writing. would be a good domain name.

Set aside time to brainstorm for a domain name. A good domain name can take hours, days, or weeks to come to you. There are a lot of domain names that are already taken, so use your creative juices to come up with a unique one.

Check the domain name’s availability

To check whether the domain name is available, do a search at any domain registrar or web host. But before you do this, make sure you’re ready to buy your desired domain name. If it’s available when you check, buy it right away—or someone else might snap it up.

If it’s not available, don’t be surprised. A lot of good names are already taken. Here are your options:

Option 1: Buy it from the owner

Do a Whois lookup to get the domain owner’s contact information. Email them to ask whether they’re willing to sell the domain to you. Some people buy domains hoping to resell them and make a profit. In this case, expect to pay hundreds or thousands of dollars depending on the domain name’s value. On the other hand, if the owner has lost interest in the name, you could probably buy it for less.

Option 2: Choose a different top-level domain (TLD)

The domain name’s TLD is its extension. Com (.com) is the best choice for a business. But if it’s already taken, you may choose to get the .net or the .org version. Net would be better, since some people still associate Org with nonprofits.

A country-level TLD is also an option if your website focus is local to your country. If you run a catering service in the United Kingdom, for instance, a domain would be better than a .com. People who are searching for UK catering will immediately know, by looking at your domain name, that your company is local.

Option 3: Choose a different domain name

You could either come up with a completely different domain name, or edit your desired name somehow. The latter is simpler. If you have a café named Magnolia, and is taken, you could try instead.

For generic names, this will be easier. Just add a prefix or suffix to your desired name. For example, you wanted, but it was taken. You could try:


…and a lot of other variations.

Buy your web domain

Once you find an available domain name you like, buy it immediately to prevent others from beating you to it. Make sure you’ve got your payment method handy. Domain registrars usually accept credit cards and Paypal.

You have two options when buying your web domain.

Option 1: Buy web domain and hosting separately

Buy your web domain at an accredited domain name registrar. Go for an established and reputable company such as GoDaddy. Afterward, get your web hosting at a good web hosting provider such as Just Host.

It’s best to get your domain name before your web hosting, as web hosts usually ask for your domain name when you sign up.

Option 2: Buy web domain and hosting together

Most web hosts also do domain registration. Some web hosts even register domain names for free if you sign up for their web hosting. (As an example, Just Host offers a web-hosting-plus-domain package. They offer 1 or 3 free domains, depending on the plan you get.) This is a good idea for beginners, as it makes things much simpler.

Whether you buy your domain and hosting separately or together, it’s best to register the domain for as many years as you can. Not only can you get a discount; you also won’t have to deal with the inconvenience of having to renew every year.

Point your domain to your web hosting

You will have to do this step if you bought your domain and hosting separately. First, find out the name servers that your web host uses. These usually come in pairs, e.g., and You should find this in your web hosting account’s control panel; but if not, ask your customer support. Then, go to your domain registration control panel and edit the name servers. Input the addresses you got from your web host. Within 48 hours, the world will be able to access your website through your new domain.